The biggest barriers people with disabilities encounter are other people
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Responding to Disability: A Question of Attitude

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This questionnaire is designed to stimulate thinking and dialogue. It is not intended to test knowledge of disability or attitudes toward people with disabilities. As people increasingly find themselves in situations involving people who are disabled they need to make quick decisions on how to respond. This questionnaire provides an opportunity to think about situations involving people with disabilities, to respond, and then to consider the various responses more carefully.

Q. Which of the following disabilities prevent a person from getting a driver's license?
a) deafness
b) learning disability
c) quadriplegia
d) blindness
e) epilepsy.
f) a and d above
g) all of the above`

d) blindness
As far as I know, people who are blind cannot get driver's licenses. However, many people who are blind have taken cross country bicycle trips. I have even heard a report that in Sweden people who are blind drive trucks in restricted settings by using earphones. I haven't been able to verify this report. ( note: there are adaptive devices using magnification which enable people with certain types of vision impairments to drive and recently The National Federation of the Blind and Virginia Tech announced a plan to debut a prototype vehicle equipped with technology that helps a blind person drive a car independently. The technology, called "nonvisual interfaces," uses sensors to let a blind driver maneuver a car based on information transmitted to him about his surroundings: whether another car or object is nearby, in front of him or in a neighboring lane. )
People who are deaf can and do drive cars. Although hearing people usually rely on their hearing for driving cues, hearing is certainly not necessary. A hearing person driving in summer with the windows up and radio on is no different from a person who is deaf. Having a learning disability does not preclude a person from driving a car. People with learning disabilities have normal intelligence, eyesight and hearing, but have trouble learning in the way others do because of difficulties in understanding or using spoken or written language or performing mathematical operations. Many people with learning disabilities learn to drive successfully; others don't. The extent to which a learning disability interferes with the ability to drive varies from person to person since there are many types of learning disabilities. Some people with learning disabilities may need to take longer to learn how to drive and to relax while driving. Each person needs to find the compensation techniques and learning style that works best.
People with quadriplegia, people with no arms and even people with severe cerebral palsy are able to drive with the use of adaptive technology. Technology has developed to the point that almost anyone with the desire and with the access to sufficient funds to purchase the hand or foot controls best for them can drive their own vehicle.
Epilepsy is a condition that can very often be controlled through medication. Laws vary from state to state but generally after one year without a seizure and with a doctor's signature, a person with epilepsy can get a regular driver's license. Sometimes states also require the license to be renewed more frequently than the standard time period so as to check to be sure the person's seizures are still under control.